Top Ten Steps to Selecting the Perfect Name for Your Business
The following is an excerpt from Outsmarting Goliath (Bloomberg Press, 2000). For the full
text, as well as examples of each of the nine points, see the book.
Copyright © 2000 by Debra Koontz Traverso.
All rights reserved in all media.
How important is the name of your business? The very first impression of your
business will be derived from its name. The name is the quintessential
element in your identity and image. If your business' name is cumbersome,
self-serving, too lengthy, or confusing, you cannot achieve recall in your
audience. Without recall, you will have no business. Need I say more?
Starting in 1960, the New York Stock Exchange began keeping records of
corporate name changes. Through the 1990s, it recorded well over 1,100 name
changes among its common stock listings. (And THAT was pre-Internet days.)
Clearly, naming a company is a strategic process requiring careful
consideration. You should select a name that will continue to serve your
business well as it changes through the years.
Here are 10 lessons other companies have learned the hard way:
1. Keep it brief.
According to my research, almost two-thirds of corporate name changes through
history have involved shortening the name; for example, dropping descriptors
like "manufacturing." This is not surprising, since many companies start by
choosing a descriptive name, which in the short term saves communications
dollars, but then proves too wordy as companies diversify and become
established. A short name may have less communication content, but it has
more communication impact since it will be easier to say and easier to
remember. Besides, consumers tend to shorten long company names anyway, so
why not provide the shorter version in the first place?
2. Avoid description; especially product description.
Many people want to say what it is so that people hearing it will know what
the company does. But, the chief purpose of a name is to designate, not
describe. Including your company's product in its name can constrain your
company's image as it grows. Just ask Bausch and Lomb Optical who undertook a
massively expensive name change to Bausch and Lomb, or U.S. Steel Corporation
who became USX. Now, of course, there are exceptions: If you operate a coffee
bar, for example, and never plan to diversify into other realms, then a
descriptive but clever name like "Rhythm & Brews" or "Grounds for Thought"
would score high in my book.
3. Drop geographic location.
You will find a geographic name very limiting when you grow beyond your
original location. That's why Eckerd Drugs of Florida became Eckerd Corp.,
and why Pittsburgh Plate & Glass became PPG Industries. Thanks to the
Internet, the use of geographics descriptors in corporate names has decreased
drastically as companies think globally as early as start-up.
4. Be distinctive.
Fortunately, as high-tech companies have multiplied, their knack for forming
names from parts of other words they stuck together has almost faded away.
Now, I have to wonder if the earlier companies who jumped on the fad wish
they had given more thought to a name before they identified themselves as
Comtech, Infotech, Newtech, Teletech, Teleco, Comtel and Computel. Compare
these computer-oriented names with the distinctive Gateway Inc. Which are
you more familiar with? Need I say more?
5. Drop general references.
Overly general monikers like American, General, United, National, Federal,
and U.S. are too commonplace and add no distinction or value to your name.
When I was writing "Outsmarting Goliath," I researched the Seattle phone book for general
references. I chose Seattle since it was geographically distant to Washington
D.C. where general references abound. In Seattle alone, there were more than
110 General, 150 National, and 250 American entries in the yellow pages.
6. D.U.A.A.P. (Don't use abbreviations and acronyms, please.)
They are currently a naming fad; thus, all the more reason to avoid them. Not
only will these businesses lose customers in a few years as they go through
an expensive name change, they're losing them now because even reasonably
intelligent people have a hard time finding abbreviated companies in yellow
pages. (Quick: Is J.C. Penney listed under J.C.? or Penney? Who will take the
time to find out if they can call Sears or BonTon instead?)
7. Think internationally.
Unless you provide a service that will never go across borders (you run a
styling salon or an auto repair shop), think internationally right from the
start. It used to be that when someone started a new business, people would
laugh at the entrepreneur's affirmation that she would be doing business
internationally. Now, with the ease of doing business around the world, an
entrepreneur should be laughed at for not thinking globally right from the
start. But test your name for global appeal. Chevrolet wished they had before
introducing their Nova car in Mexico. In Spanish, Nova means "doesn't go."
8. Know when (and when not) to use your own name.
If you're well known in your field already and are going to open your own
consulting firm, you may want to bank on the reputation you've already
established by using your own name. If, however, you're opening a new
business to sell products or provide a service in which you haven't yet
established an expertise, then, in general, using your name is not a good
9. Avoid "& Associates" and articles.
The "& Associates" distinction doesn't fool anyone these days. Most
prospective clients know that the company can be as small as one person, and
that the "& Associates" could mean "& No Employees." If
that's acceptable in
your profession, then you might be ok. Likewise, if you have a small firm
made up of consultants or part-time associates, and your clients are
comfortable with that, then the name might work for you. Drop the use of
articles like "the." Customers will drop them anyway so you may as well do it
10. Incorporate your company.
An "Inc." distinction makes your company look bigger and more official.
Likewise, an LLC distinction makes your company look more official, although
not necessarily bigger.
Bonus: Best names I've ever heard? Humana (very warm and suggestive of
humanity over its original name of Extendicare); Gymboree (there's no doubt
this has something to do with kids, yet it's not limited to any one aspect of
childhood); and Blockbuster Video (sure it has the descriptor "video" but the
term blockbuster could apply to the videos OR the stores themselves).
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